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Tapiz de Macrohongos
Tapiz de Macrohongos
Tapiz de Macrohongos
Tapiz de Macrohongos
Tapiz de Macrohongos
Tapiz de Macrohongos
Tapiz de Macrohongos
Hypha Rug
Hypha Rug
Hypha Rug
Hypha Rug
Hypha Rug
Hypha Rug
Cladonia sp
Usnea sp
Usnea sp
Placopsis sp
Caloplaca sp

The Fungus Museum’s First Tour

GLOSSARY

Fungi Kingdom

Mostly hidden from our view, this network connects life and death. It transforms its surroundings by decomposing matter, provides nutrients (phosphorus and water), and transmits information between trees in a forest. Carpophores, molds, yeasts and lichens all form part of this kingdom.

Carpophores, or mushrooms

These are macroscopic fungi’s reproductive organs, where the spores (reproductive cells) are created. They are surprising and infinite in their shapes, colors, and textures. Many of them are edible, some are medicinal, and others are poisonous.

Mycelium

Fungi expands by forming an underground current of cellular information. In the process, it decomposes matter molecularly and creates the necessary conditions for the existence of life. Just like our neuronal networks, mycelium works with electrolytes or electrical pulses. This network is so extensive that for every step you take in a forest, there are about 480 kilometers of mycelium beneath your feet.

Hyphae

The cellular simplicity of fungi that have mycelium (multicellular) is due to the fact that everything in their bodies, including their fruiting bodies, are made up of this powerful cell, which grows and branches out in every direction.

Yeasts

These are unicellular fungi that live in colonies. They are extraordinary because they are the only fungi that are not constituted of mycelium. It is thanks to these living creatures that we are able to enjoy bread and beer.

Molds

These are microscopic fungi that are practically everywhere, waiting for the occasion to colonize animal or vegetable material. Most of them prefer damp and dark environments, where they establish symbiotic mutualism and parasitic relationships.

Symbiosis

Life is not the sum of individuals, but rather, of the web of relationships that exist between them. For example, in order to understand the way in which life exists in a forest, one must first understand the mutualist relationship between plant species, mycorrhizal fungi, and endophyte fungi.

Mycorrhizae

Some fungi establish cellular relationships with the roots of trees and plants through their mycorrhizae, generating an exchange of nutrients and information that makes life possible.

Lichens

These are the result of a successful symbiotic relationship between fungi and at least one photobiont (an algae, a cyanobacteria, or both). In this relationship, the fungi benefits from the sugars produced by the photobiont, and the photobiont obtains a place to inhabit, physical protection, and a better access to mineral nutrients.

Photobionts or Photosynthetic Organisms

Can you fathom how incredible it is to live off of light? Plants, algae, and some bacteria transform light energy into chemical energy, thus creating their own nourishment. Lichens are the result of the interaction between a photobiont and a fungus.


CREDITS

Financed by:

Ministry of Science, Technology, Knowledge and Innovation

Endorsed by:

The Fungi Foundation


Associated Institutions:

CEAM, Centro de Estudios Ambientales at Universidad Austral de Chile
Visual Arts Degree, Architecture, Art and Design Faculty at Universidad Católica de Temuco
Blanco Recoleta
BioFabrication Laboratory at the Architecture, Design, and Urban Studies Faculty at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Complejo Educacional Maipú
Corporación Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad
Cultainer SpA


Artists:

Juana Díaz
Sebastián Calfuqueo
Fungi Foundation: Giuliana Furci and Daniela Torres
Rodrigo Arteaga
BioFab Lab FADEU UC: Esteban Lagos and Mariana Boubet
Brillo Colectivo
María Landeta and Ximena Sánchez
Natalia Cabrera
Antonia Pérez Wagner


Work Team:

General Directions and Curatorship: Juan Ferrer
Coordination, Production, and Curatorship: Carola Roa
Graphic Design: Rosario Ureta
Communications: Teresita Quezada
Outreach Program: Nicolás Oyarce
Scientific Consultation: Javiera Vargas
Pedagogic Consultation: Carola Roa
Chilean Sign Language Consultation: Maria Siebald, Javiera Villavicencio and Juan Pablo ‘Ludo’ Ibarra
Interpretation of Chilean Sign Language: Juan Pablo ‘Ludo’ Ibarra, Paulina Cortés and Andrés Herrera
Art Direction, Design, and Programming: Brillo Colectivo
Augmented Reality Filters: Andrea Gamio
Edition of Hypha Video: Nino Isensee
Voice-Over: Ingrid Isensee
Photographic Record of Artwork: Alejandra Mora
Original Music: Espectral Studio
Sound Design: Neosonic


Acknowledgements to:

Patricia Silva Flores, Paula Aguilera, Benjamín Matte, Luis Felipe Acuña, Roberto Godoy, Daniela Morales Guzmán, Ángela Navarrete, Andrea Pino, Daniela Gaete, Sebastián Rodriguez, Francisco Chateau, María José Gemes, Nélida Pohl, Claudia Bustamente, Iris Pereira, Evelyn Pizarro, Felipe Aichele, Parque Urbano El Bosque, Parque Cordillera, Parque Quintil and Polivalente Arquitectos.

MACROFUNGI ROOM

Macrofungi Tapestry (2020)

Juana Díaz

A textile piece that illustrates the following parts of a mushroom: cap, spores, gils, ring, stipe, volva, and mycelium.
This tapestry was made using scraps of cotton, linen, and silk, ribbons, fabric paint and metallic eyelets. 150 x 200 cm. Photographs: Alejandra Mora


Colección Única Extrema (2019)

Fungi Foundation

3D models of eight species of fungi considered to be extremophiles due to the fact that they grow in extreme conditions or because they have been extremely difficult to collect. Species: Calvatia utriformis, Chlamydopus meyenianus, Battarea stevenii, Trametes sp., Geastrum fornicatum, Disciseda sp., Montagnea arenaria, Agaricus sp. Photographs: Fungi Foundation, Giuliana Furci, Alejandra Mora


Micro-Documentary: Colección única extrema (2019)

Fungi Foundation, Fungus Museum

This micro-documentary records the research and curatorship work behind the Fungi Foundation’s Fungarium. Fungariums are of vital importance because they record species in a world that is in constant change, generating information that allows for ecological restoration. Video. Directed by Pascual Mena.


Mapu Kufüll (2020)

Mapu Kufüll (terrestrial shellfish) is the Mapudungun term for fungi, as well as the title of this animated “story” that reflects on the cosmological perspective of the Mapuche people in relation to the collection of fungi and the way in which these have been a symbol of resistance for indigenous communities.
Sebastián Calfuqueo
Animated video.

MICROHONGOS ROOM

Kombucha Bio-Facade (2019)

BioFab Lab FADEU UC; Esteban Lagos, Mariana Boubet and crew.

This material is produced by the symbiotic collaboration between yeasts and bacteria that ferment the sugars of a probiotic drink and excrete the biomaterial that accumulates on the surface, lending itself for uses in the textile industry, which is one of the planet’s worst contaminators. Video. Filming and edition: Nino Isensee.


Kombucha Tunnel (2021)

Brillo Colectivo

Animated video of pads made of dehydrated and dyed kombucha and dyes developed by the BioFab Lab team at FADEU UC in 2019.


Sound: Fermentative Sound (2021)

María Landeta and Ximena Sánchez

Fermentation has two dimensions: aerobic, meaning with oxygen, and anaerobic, which is without. Based on these parameters, aerobic and anaerobic, the recording and recollection processes for the piece’s vibrating audio material was organized methodically.


Atlas regionalizado de Chile (2016)

Rodrigo Arteaga

This piece is both a map of Chile and a showcase of different filamentous molds that were cultivated in fifteen glass containers and then preserved in resin. The way in which they propagate plots out each one of the country’s fifteen regions at the time of its creation. Frontal and back photographs of six filamentous mold cultures and resin in 20x30cm glass containers.


SYMBIOSIS ROOM

Hypha (2019)

Natalia Cabrera

A video of an immersive virtual reality experience that turns the user into a stipe-and-cap mycorrhizal fungus of the Stephanopus azureus species, who arrives from space to restore an ecosystem that has been destroyed by human beings. From spore to mycelium to carpophore (mushroom), the life of a fungus develops. Video. Edition: Nino Isensee


Hypha Rug (2019)

A Whole New World (Piedad Aguilar)

The piece represents a forest floor, filled with complex relationships and nutrient exchanges amongst photobionts (plants) and fungi, as well as of infinite microorganisms. It was created for experiencing the Hypha VR experience, in which we submerge ourselves into a subterranean world in order to understand mycorrhizal symbiosis and the great communication network that exists between plants and fungi. Lambswool rug, 200 x 200 cm. Photographs: Alejandra Mora


Lichens

Antonia Pérez Wagner

Photographs of lichens, symbiotic organisms produced by the encounter between a fungus and at least one photobiont. In this relationship, the fungus provides protection from desiccation and solar radiation, and the photobiont provides sugars that it produces through photosynthesis. Species: Cladonia sp., Trentepohlia (alga), Usnea sp., Placopsis sp., Caloplaca sp., y Xanthoria sp.